Badges of famous particles

 

These badges represent some of the most famous particles which are part of the so-called Standard Model of Particle Physics.

This model gathers all known matter particles as well as force and carrier particles.

Electron
Together with the nucleus, it makes up the atoms.
Down quark
Has an electric charge of minus one-third; protons contain one, neutrons contain two
Gluon
Carrier of the strong force which binds quarks together to make protons and neutrons (and other particles).
Higgs boson
Particle associated to the Higgs field that interacts more or less with other matter particles which gives them more or less mass.
Its existence was confirmed in July 2012 thanks to observations made by ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN.
Up quark
Has an electric charge of plus two-thirds; protons contain two, neutrons contain one.
Neutrino
Particle with no electric charge, and very small mass; billions fly through your body every second; exists in 3 flavours: electron neutrino, muon neutrino and tau neutrino.
Photon
Carrier of the electromagnetic force that holds electrons to nuclei in atoms, binds atoms into moleculesm and is responsible for the properties of solids, liquids and gases.
Graviton (not yet discovered)
Carrier of the gravity that makes apples fall to the ground and, on an astromomical scale, binds matter in planets and stars, and holds stars together in galaxies.

 

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